Advanced Technocracy Inc.
Grain Market, Ambala, Haryana
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Chemical Reaction Lab Instruments

Our product range includes a wide range of coiled tube isothermal plug flow reactor, packed bed reactor apparatus, rtd studies in cstr, annular uv photo reactor, condensation polymerization reactor and coiled tube type plug flow reactor.

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Technical Description: 

 In an ideal Plug Flow Reactor (PFTR) there is no mixing in the direction of flow and complete mixing perpendicular to direction of flow. Concentration of reactants varies along the length of reactor but not in radial direction. In case of a coil turbulence is introduced due to frequent change in direction of flow and presence of secondary flow, so a higher value of reaction rate constant is expected in coil tube type plug flow reactor. This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous reaction under isothermal condition. The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rotameters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rotameter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. It is a helical coil tube type reactor kept in a constant temperature water bath to conduct the experiment at various temperatures. Reactants enter at lower end coming out of the top of coil from where samples are collected for analysis. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line.

 

Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

Ø  Specifications Reaction study in Isothermal Plug Flow Reactor.  

Ø  To determine Reaction Rate Constant and effect of temperature on it. 

 

Required for Operation: 

Ø  Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM.

Ø  Water supply and drain.

Ø  Electricity-1.5kw, Single.

Ø  Instruments, Laboratory wares and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

 

Technical Specifications:

Ø  Reactor: Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 0.7 Ltrs. (approx)  (Helical Coiled Tube Type)

Ø   Water Bath: Material Stainless Steel, Double wall, insulated with CeramicWool.

Ø   Heater: Nichrome wire Heater

Ø   Stirrer (Water Bath): Material SS Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP motor 

Ø   Feed Tank (2Nos.): Capacity - 20 Ltrs.

Ø   Feed Circulation: By compressed air.

Ø   Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2Nos. one each for Reactants

Ø   Piping: Stainless Steel and PVC.

Ø   Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2 

Ø   Pressure Gauge: Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2 

Ø   Stop Watch: Electronic.

Ø   The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

 

Control Panel:

Ø  Digital Temp. Controller : 0-200°C, RTD PT-100 type (For Water Bath)

Ø  Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

 

 


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    Packed Bed Reactor Apparatus

    Technical Description:
    • The setup consists of a glass column packed with Ranching Rings and two feed tanks. Reactants are fed to the reactor through liquid distributor, fitted at the bottom of the column. Rota meters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rotameter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. Samples can be taken periodically from the top outlet of reactor. Pressure Regulator & Pressure Gauge are fitted in the compressed air line
    Learning Objectives/Experiments:
    • Specification Reaction studies in Packed Bed Reactor.
    • To determine the Reaction Rate Constant.
    Required for Operation:
    • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM.
    • Water Supply.
    • Drain.
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical Specifications:
    • Reactor Column: Material Borosilicate Glass Volume 1.5 Ltrs.(approx).
    • Packing: Rasching Rings, Material Borosilicate Glass. Size 6-8 mm (approx)
    • Feed Tank (2Nos.): Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20 Ltrs.
    • Feed Circulation: By compressed air.
    • Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2Nos. (one each for Reactants).
    • Piping: Stainless Steel and PVC.
    • Pressure Regulator : 0-2 Kg/cm2
    • Pressure Gauge : Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2
    • Stop Watch: Electronic.
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control Panel:
    • With Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.
    Scope of Delivery:
    • 1 Self-contained “PACKED BED REACTOR” Apparatus.
    • 1 Instruction Manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Description:-

    Real reactors do not satisfy the idealized flow patterns, back mix flow or plug flow deviation from ideality can be due to channeling of fluid through the vessel, recycling of fluid within the vessel or due to the presence of stagnant region or pockets of fluid in the vessel. To predict the exact behaviour of a vessel as a Chemicals reactor, RTD or stimulus response technique is used. The setup consists of one feed tank through which water is fed to the reactor. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valve and measured by Rotameter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. The continuously stirred tank reactor made of Stainless Steel is provided for understanding the R.T.D. characteristics. Pressure Regulator & Pressure Gauge are fitted in the compressed air line.

     

    Experimentation:-

    • To plot RTD curve for a CSTR. Using pulse tracer.
    • To determine the Dispersion No.

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    Description:
    • The Set-Up Is Used To Study A Photo/Photocatalyc Reaction Using A Uv Source Provided In The Form Of An Uv Tube. This Set-Up Can Be Used To Carry Out A Parameter Study Under Batch/Continuous Flow Condition. A Photo Catalyst Like Tio2 Can Be Used. This Set-Up Can Also Be Used To Study The Mineralization Of Liquid Effluent Industrial Streams & For Purification Of Water.The Set-Up Consists Of Reactor With Inside Reflecting Surface. An Uv Source Surrounding Glass/Quartz Cylinder Is Placed Centrally In The Reactor.
    Utilities Required:
    • Water Supply And Drain
    • Electricity-0.5kw, Single
    • Instruments, Laboratory Wares And Chemicals Required For Analysis As Per The System Adopted
    Technical Details:
    • Uv Source : 30 W / 16 W
    • Reactor: With Inside Reflective Surface. Effective Volume Of Reactor 1 1.5 Ltrs
    • Feed Tank: Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 5 Ltrs
    • Feed Circulation: Magnetic Pump Made Of Polypropylene. Maximum Working Temperature Is 80°C
    • Flow Measurement : Rotameter
    • Sampling Points Are Provided At Inlet & Outlet Of Reactant Line. Control Panel Comprising Of: Standard Make On Off Switch, Mains Indicator, Fuse, Power Supply To Uv Source Etc
    • Instruction Manual : An English Instruction Manual Will Be Provided Along With The Apparatus
    • A Good Quality Painted Rigid Ms Structure Is Provided To Support All The Parts.

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    Technical description:
    • Condensation polymerization kettle is used to carry out a condensation polymerization reaction under batch condition. Polymerization reaction can be acid catalyzed or self-catalyzed. The set-up can be used to measure the extent of reaction & also the reaction rate constant. The set-up consists of jacketed type ss reactor fitted with variable speed agitator & baffles. Reactor is fitted with nichrome wire heaters and temperature is controlled by digital temperature controller. Metered quantity of nitrogen gas from a cylinder, allowed entering in the reactor. Set-up is complete & self-contained with sampling ports. The top cover can be removed for cleaning purpose. Feed is fed from top through a funnel provided with s.S. Ball valve. An outlet is given to condenser fitted with a perkin’s triangle for collecting the condensate. Vapours are allowed to enter in the shell of condenser and cooling water is allowed to pass through the tube and condensate is collected.
    Learning objectives/experiments:
    •  To study the kinetics of condensation polymerization in a batch reactor under isothermal condition.
    •  To calculate the rate constant and extent of reaction with and without acid catalyst.
    Required for operation:
    •  Water supply
    •  Floor drain.
    •  Electricity supply: single phase, 220v ac, 50 hz, 5-15 amp. Combined socket with earth connection.
    •  Floor area : 1.5 x 1 m
    •  Instruments, laboratory wares and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    •  High purity n2 gas cylinder with pressure regulator, end connection 1/4" bsp female.
    •  A good quality painted rigid ms structure is provided to support all the parts.
    • Technical specifications:
    •  Condenser : 18 long 1., concentric tube type
    •  Reactor: material stainless steel, volume- 1 ltrs. (approx.)
    •  Water bath: material stainless steel, double wall, insulated with ceramic wool.
    •  Heater: nichrome wire heater
    •  Stirrer (2 nos.): stainless steel impeller and shaft coupled with fhp motor.
    •  Stop watch: electronic
    •  Temp. Sensor: rtd pt-100 type
    •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control panel:
    •  Digital temp. Controller : 0-199.9°c, rtd
    •  Pt-100 type(for water bath) cum-indicator
    •  With standard make on/off switch, mains indicator fuses etc.

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    Plug Flow Reactor (Coiled Tube Type)

    Technical Description:
    •  In an ideal Plug Flow Reactor (PFTR) there is no mixing in the direction of flow and complete mixing perpendicular to direction of flow. Concentration of reactants varies along the length of reactor but not in radial direction. This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous reaction under ambient condition.
    • The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rota meters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rota meter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. Samples are collected for analysis from the outlet of reactor. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line.
    Learning Objectives/Experiments:
    • Specifications Reaction Study in straight tube Plug Flow Reactor.
    • To determine Reaction Rate Constant.
    Required for Operation:
    • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM.
    • Water Supply. Drain.
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical Specifications:
    • Reactor   : Material Stainless Steel, OD-16mm, ID-13mm approx. 
    • Feed Tank (2Nos.):  Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20 Ltrs.
    • Feed Circulation: By compressed air.
    • Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2 Nos. (one each for Reactants).
    • Piping   : Stainless Steel and PVC
    • Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2. 
    • Pressure Gauge:   Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2.
    • Stop Watch: Electronic.
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control Panel:
    • With Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

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    Technical Description:

    In an ideal CSTR (i.e. an ideal steady state flow reactor) the contents in reactor are well mixed and have uniform composition throughout. Thus the exit stream has the same composition as the fluid within the reactor. This type of reactor is known as mixed flow reactor. This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous second order liquid phase reaction under ambient condition. The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rota meters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rota meter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. The CSTR is fitted with stirrer for proper mixing. From top outlet of it samples are collected for analysis. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line.

     

    Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

    Ø  To study the progress of a suitable Chemical Reaction CSTR.

    Ø  To determine the Reaction Rate Constant.

     

    Required for Operation: 

    Ø  Compressed Air Supply at 1 HP, 2 CFM.

    Ø  Water Supply.

    Ø  Drain.

    Ø  Electricity Supply: 1 Phase, 220 V AC, 0.5 kW.

    Ø  Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

     

    Technical Specifications:

    Ø  Reactor: Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 2 Ltrs (Approx).

    Ø  Stirrer: Stainless Steel Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP Motor

    Ø  Feed Tank (2Nos.): Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20 Ltrs

    Ø  Feed Circulation: By compressed air.

    Ø  Flow Measurement: Rota meter 2Nos. (one each for Reactants).

    Ø  Piping: Stainless Steel and PVC.

    Ø  Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2

    Ø  Pressure Gauge: Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2 

    Ø  Stop Watch: Electronic.

    Ø  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

     

    Control Panel: 

    Ø  Standard make on off switch, Mains Indicator etc. 

     

    Scope of Delivery: 

    Ø  1 Self-contained “CONTINOUS STIRRED TANK REACTOR (C.S.T.R)” Apparatus

     

    Ø  1 Instruction Manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.


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    Technical description:
    • The setup consists of catalyst packed column of stainless steel. Reactant from a fed tank is fed to the reactor through liquid distributor, fitted at one end of the column. Some part of product is recycled to the reactor using a low capacity sophisticated pump or by over head tank system. Rotameters are provided to measure the flow of feed & recycled product. The feed rate and recycle product ratio can be manipulated by the respective needle valves of the rotameter. Samples can be taken periodically from the top outlet of reactor at another end. An arrangement is made to carryout the reaction at isothermal conditions by circulating the hot water in the outer jacket of the packed bed reactor. Special care is taken for proper mixing of feed & recycle product before its entry to the reactor. A magnetic drive pump made up of poly propylene is used for circulation of feed
    Learning objectives/experiments:
    •  To determine the reaction rate constant
    Required for operation:
    •  Water supply.
    •  Drain.
    •  Instruments, laboratory glassware and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical specifications:
    •  Reactor column: material stainless steel diameter 1”, length: 500mm (approx).
    •  Packing : catalyst (fluid bed type)
    •  Feed tank (1nos.): material stainless steel, capacity - 20ltrs..
    •  Flow measurement: rota meter 2nos.(one each for feed & recycled product).
    •  Piping: stainless steel and pvc. Size ¼”
    •  Feed circulation: magnetic pump of poly propylene.
    •  Hot water tank: made of stainless steel, double wall, insulated with ceramic wool. Capacity 10-15ltrs.
    •  Hot water circulation: magnetic pump of poly propylene to circulate hot (in outer jacket) water maximum working temp. 850 c
    •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control panel:
    •  With standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
    •  Digital temp. Controller: 0-199.9°c (for hot water bath)
    Scope of delivery:
    •  1 self-contained “recycled bed reactor” apparatus.
    •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical Description:

    This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous second order liquid phase reaction under ambient condition in a combined reactor. It consists of two reactors connected in series, one is plug flow reactor and another mixed flow reactor. In an ideal Plug Flow Reactor (PFTR) there is no mixing in the direction of flow and complete mixing perpendicular to direction of flow. Concentration of reactants varies along the length of reactor but not in radial direction. In case of a coil turbulence is introduced due to frequent change in direction of flow and presence of secondary flow, so a higher value of reaction rate constant is expected in coil tube type plug flow reactor. In an ideal MFR (i.e. an ideal steady state flow reactor) the contents in reactor are well mixed and have uniform composition throughout. Thus the exit stream has the same composition as the fluid within the reactor. The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactors fitted in series. Rota meters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rota meter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. 1st is a helical coil tube type reactor made up of SS pipe. Reactants enter at lower end coming out of the top of coil from where it is fed to a MFR fitted with stirrer for proper mixing. Samples are collected for analysis. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line.

    The same setup can be used as individual Plug Flow Reactor (Coil Tube type) and Mixed Flow Reactor.

    Learning Objectives/Experiments:

    • Sponification Reaction Study in a Combined Reactor
    • Sponification Reaction Study in Coil Tube Type Plug Flow Reactor
    • Sponification Reaction Study in a MFR.
    • To determine Reaction Rate Constant.

    Required for Operation: 

    • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM.
    • Water Supply & Drain
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

    Technical Specifications:

    • 1st Reactor: Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 0.7 Ltrs. (approx)
    • 2nd Reactor: Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 2 Ltrs (Approx).
    • Stirrer for MFR: Stainless Steel Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP motor Remi/Eltek make
    • Feed Tank (2Nos.): Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20 Ltrs.
    • Feed circulation: By compressed air.
    • Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2 Nos. (one each for Reactants) Eureka/IEPL make.
    • Piping : Stainless Steel and PVC
    • Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2 Janetics/Shavo Norgen make.
    • Pressure Gauge: Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2 Mass/Pricol make.
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

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    Technical description:

    Catalytic reaction:
    • Any catalytic liquid-liquid or liquid-gas reaction involving the use of a catalyst placed in basket can be studies in this set-up. Kinetic parameter of a specific reaction can be estimated & parametric studies can be conducted. The set-up consists of a reactor centrally having one spinning basket derived through a variable speed motor. The metered flow of reactant from feed tank is fed to the reactor at the bottom. The set-up can be used as batch wise of as continuous type. Sampling points are provided for analysis. Port connection for gas
    • Inlet is provided at the bottom of the reactor.
    Learning objects/experimentation:
    •  To determine the kinetic parameters for a given reaction.
    Requirement for operation:
    •  Compressed air supply at 1 bar.
    •  Water supply.
    •  Floor drain.
    •  Power supply : 0.5 kw, single phase.
    •  Instruments, laboratory glassware and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical specification:
    •  Reactor vessel: material stainless steel
    •  Effective volume :1000ml
    •  Basket: material stainless steel,capacity-10ltrs.
    •  Drive for basket: dc motors with thyristor controlled dc drive for variable speed.
    •  Packing: catalyst
    •  Feed tank: material stainless steel,capacity-10 ltrs.
    •  Flow measurement: rota meter
    •  Pressure regular: operating range 0-2kg/cm2
    •  Pressure gauge :bourdon type 0-2kg/cm2 standard make
    •  Receiver: material stainless steel, capacity 10ltrs.
    •  Stainless steel pvc
    •  Piping: magnetic pump of poly propylene to circulate hot
    •  Hot water circulation: water maximum working temp.85o c made of stainless steel, double wall insulated
    • (in outer jacket) with ceramic wool. Capacity: 10-15 ltrs.
    •  Hot water tank: nichrome wire heater 750-1000 w approx.
    Control panel:
    •  Standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
    Scope of delivery:
    •  1 self-contained “spinning basket reactor” apparatus
    •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical description:
    •  A batch reactor is a closed system with no input and output streams. A batch reactor can operate under conditions like isothermal (temperature of reaction mass remains constant), perfectly mixed (composition of reaction mixture is uniform throughout), and constant volume (volume of the reaction mixture within the reactor remains constant, there is no appreciable change in the density of reaction mass). This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous reaction under isothermal condition. The set up consists of a reactor fitted in a constant temperature water bath. One stirrer is fitted for mixing the reactants in reactor and other is fitted in water bath to keep the uniform temperature throughout in the bath. The temperature of bath can be maintained from ambient to 90c with the help of digital temperature indicator cum controller. Samples can be taken out with the help of a sampling pipette.
    Learning objectives/experiments:
    •  To study the progress of a chemicals reaction and determine the kinetic parameters.
    •  To determine the effect of temperature on reaction rate constant.
    Required for operation:
    •  Water supply.
    •  Drain.
    •  Electricity supply: 1 phase, 220 v ac, 1.5 kw.
    •  Instruments, laboratory glassware and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical specifications:
    •  Reactor: material stainless steel, volume- 1 ltrs. (approx.)
    •  Water bath: material stainless steel, double wall, insulated with ceramic wool.
    •  Heater: nichrome wire heater
    •  Stirrer (2 nos.): stainless steel impeller and shaft coupled with fhp motor.
    •  Stop watch: electronic
    •  Temp. Sensor: rtd pt-100 type
    •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control panel:
    •  Digital temp. Controller : 0-199.9°c, rtd
    •  Pt-100 type(for water bath) cum-indicator
    •  With standard make on/off switch, mains indicator fuses etc.
    Scope of delivery:
    •  1 self-contained “isothermal batch reactor” apparatus.
    •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical Description:

    In an ideal Plug Flow Reactor (PFTR) there is no mixing in the direction of flow and complete mixing perpendicular to direction of flow. Concentration of reactants varies along the length of reactor but not in radial direction. This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous reaction under ambient condition.  

    The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rota meters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rota meter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. A straight tube type reactor kept horizontally and inclined upward at outlet from where samples are collected for analysis. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line. 

     

    Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

    • Sponification Reaction Study in straight tube Plug Flow Reactor. 
    • To determine Reaction Rate Constant. 

     

    Required for Operation: 

    • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM. 
    • Water Supply. 
    • Drain. 
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

     

    Technical Specifications:

    • Reactor: Material Borosilicate Glass, OD-32mm, ID-25mm,  Length-1200mm.
    • Feed Tank (2Nos.):  Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20Ltrs.
    • Feed Circulation: By compressed air.
    • Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2 Nos. (One each for Reactants).
    • Piping: Stainless Steel and PVC.
    • Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2.
    • Pressure Gauge:   Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2.
    • Stop Watch: Electronic.
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

     

    Control Panel:

    • With Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

     

    Scope of Delivery:

    • 1 Self-contained “PLUG FLOW REACTOR (STRAIGHT TUBE REACTOR)” Apparatus.
    • 1 Instruction Manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical description:
    • An adiabatic batch reactor is a closed system with no input and output streams. This reactor is operated under conditions like adiabatic (temperature of reaction mass keep on changing), perfectly mixed (composition of reaction mixture is uniform throughout), and constant volume (volume of the reaction mixture within the reactor remains constant, there is no appreciable change in the density of reaction mass). This set-up is used to study a catalytic homogeneous reaction under adiabatic condition. The set-up consists of a dewar flask of capacity 1lit. Fitted with a stirrer. The flask is double insulated by ceramic wool insulation. Temperature is measured by digital temp indicator. The whole setup is mounted on a rigid m.S. Frame.
    Learning objectives/experiments:
    •  To study the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride with water in presence of an acid catalyst (h2so4).
    •  To predict the degree of conversion from time-temperature data.
    Required for operation:
    •  Instruments, laboratory wares and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical specifications:
    •  Reactor: material stainless steel, capacity 1ltrs. (approx) insulated with ceramic wool.
    •  Stirrer : teflon impeller and stainless steel shaft coupled with fhp motor
    •  Temperature sensors: rtd pt-100 type.
    •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
    Control panel:
    •  Digital temp. Indicator : 0-199.9°c, rtd pt-100 type
    •  Standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
    •  Temp. Sensors : rtd pt-100 type
    Scope of delivery:
    •  1 self-contained " adiabatic batch reactor " apparatus
    •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical Description: 

     The setup consists of a Reactor in which solid cylinder of Benzoic Acid is placed and water is stirred by means of a variable speed mixer. Baffles are also provided. The Reactor is made of Stainless Steel. A Peltilizer is provided to make the solid cylinder of size 1" diameter and 2" height of Benzoic Acid.

     

    Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

    • To study the Kinetics of dissolution of Benzoic Acid.

     

    Required for Operation: 

    • Water Supply.
    • Drain.
    • Electricity Supply: 1 Phase, 220 V AC, 0.5 kW.
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

     

    Technical Specifications:

    • Chamber : Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 1 Ltrs. (approx)
    • Peltilizer: 1" Diameter, 2" Height (approx).
    • Stirrer : Material Stainless Steel Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP motor
    • The whole unit is assembled rigidly on a base plate and mounted on a stand.
    • Stop Watch 1
    • Spanner OJDE 30 –32 -1
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

     

    Control Panel:

    • With Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

     

    Scope of Delivery:

    • 1 Self-contained “KINETICS OF DISSOLUTION OF BENZOIC ACID” Apparatus
    • 1 Instruction Manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical description:
    • In an ideal cstr (i.E. An ideal steady state flow reactor) the contents in reactor are well mixed and have uniform composition throughout. Thus the exit stream has the same composition as the fluid within the reactor. This type of reactor is known as mixed flow reactor. This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous second order liquid phase reaction under isothermal condition. The set up consists of two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rotameters are provided to measure the individual flow of chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective rotameter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. The cstr is fitted with stirrer for proper mixing. From top outlet of it samples are collected for analysis. Constant temperature water bath arrangement is provided to conduct the experiment at various temperatures. Pressure regulator, pressure gauge and safety valve are fitted in the compressed air line.
    Learning objectives/experiments:
    •  Specification reaction study in isothermal cstr.
    •  To determine the reaction rate constant and effect of temperature on it.
    •  Required for operation:
    •  Compressed air supply at 2 bar, 0.5 cfm.
    •  Electricity supply: 1 phase, 220 v ac, 1.5 kw.
    •  Instruments, laboratory glassware and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
    Technical specifications:
    •  Reactor: material stainless steel, capacity 2 ltrs. (approx).
    •  Water bath: material stainless steel, double wall, insulated with ceramic wool
    •  Heater: nichrome wire heater.
    •  Stirrer (2nos.): stainless steel impeller and shaft coupled with fhp motor. (one each for water bath and reactor).
    •  Feed tank (2nos.): material stainless steel, capacity - 20 ltrs.
    •  Feed circulation: by compressed air.
    •  Flow measurement: rotameter 2 nos. One each for reactants.
    •  Piping: stainless steel and pvc.
    •  Pressure regulator: 0-2 kg/cm2.
    •  Pressure gauge: bourdon type 0-2 kg/cm2.
    •  Stop watch: electronic.
    Control panel:
    •  Standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
    •  Digital, temp. Controller: 0-199.9°c (for hot water bath).
    •  Temp. Sensor: rtd pt-100 type.
    Scope of delivery:
    •  1 self-contained “isothermal c.S.T.R.” apparatus
    •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical Description:

    In an ideal CSTR (i.e. an ideal steady state flow reactor) the contents in reactor, this set-up are used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous second order liquid phase reaction under ambient condition. The setup consists of three CSTR arranged in series and two feed tanks through which two reactants are fed to the reactor. Rotameters are provided to measure the individual flow of Chemicals. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valves provided on respective Rota meter. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. Reactants from feed tanks enter in the first CSTR and are passed to second CSTR and so on. For analysis samples are collected from different ports provided. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line. 

     

    Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

    • To study the performance of Cascade of three equal volumes CSTR's in series for the specification of a reaction.
    • To draw the performance chart for the reactor system and evaluate the reaction rate constant at ambient condition.

     

    Required for Operation: 

    • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.5 CFM.
    • Water Supply.
    • Drain.
    • Electricity Supply: 1 Phase, 220 V AC, 0.5 kW.
    • Instruments, Laboratory Glassware and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

     

    Technical Specifications:

    • Reactor (3Nos.): Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 1Ltr. (Approx).
    • Stirrer (3Nos.):   Stainless Steel Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP Motor.
    • Feed Tank (2Nos.):  Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20Ltrs.
    • Feed Circulation: By compressed air.
    • Flow Measurement: Rotameter 2 Nos. (one each for Reactants).
    • Piping: Stainless Steel and PVC.
    • Pressure Regulator: 0-2 Kg/cm2.
    • Pressure Gauge:   Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2.
    • Stop Watch: Electronic.
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

     

    Control Panel:

    • Standard make On/Off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

    Scope of Delivery:

    • 1 Self-contained “CASCADE CSTR” Apparatus
    • 1 Instruction Manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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    Technical Description:

    The set-up is used to carry out the emulsion polymerization involving polymerization of a unsaturated monomer like Styrene. Emulsion is of the type: oil in water, monomer is oil soluble & the initiator is water-soluble & an emulsifier is used to create a stable emulsion. Apparatus can be used to generate the kinetic data for emulsion polymerization under various operating conditions like temperature, emulsifier concentration etc. Polymerization is carried out under the atmosphere of air free nitrogen. The set-up consists of jacketed type SS reactor fitted with a variable speed agitator & baffles. Hot water from a digitally controlled water bath is circulated in the jacket using a pump. Metered quantity of nitrogen gas from a cylinder passes through a de-oxygenation column & allowed to enter in the reactor. Air has to be evacuated using a vacuum pump to create vacuum up to 30mm of Hg before passing the nitrogen supply. Initiator from reservoir is supplied to the reactor under pressure. Set-up is complete & self-contained with sampling ports.

     

    Learning Objectives/Experiments:

    • The parameter studies are conducted involving studies of  :
    • Effect of RPM on conversion.
    • Effect of Initiator concentration.
    • Effect of monomer concentration
    • Effect of emulsifier concentration.

     Required for Operation:

    • Water supply and drain.
    • Electricity-1.5kw, Single.
    • Vacuum Pump.
    • High purity N2 gas.
    • Instruments, Laboratory wares and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

    Technical Specifications:

    • Reactor : Material Stainless Steel, Total volume of Reactor 1.5 - 2 Ltrs. (approx.)
    • Agitator : Material Stainless Steel Impeller (2 paddles) fitted with Stainless
    • Steel Shaft coupled to DC Motor with Thyristor controlled DC Drive.
    • Flow Measurement : Rota meter for Nitrogen Gas
    • De-Oxygenation Column : Compatible capacity
    • Hot Water Tank: Material Stainless Steel, Double Wall, insulated with ceramic wool.
    • Hot water circulation: Magnetic Pump made of Polypropylene. Maximum working temperature is 80°C.
    • Heaters: Nichrome wire heater.
    • Initiator Reservoir : Capacity 25-50
    • Temperature sensors : RTD PT-100 type 5 Nos
    • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

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      Technical Description:

      An isothermal semi-batch reactor is a semi-closed system with one input stream. It is operated under conditions like Isothermal (Temperature of Reaction Mass remains constant) and perfectly mixed (composition of reaction mixture is uniform throughout). This set-up is used to study a non-catalytic homogeneous reaction under isothermal condition. The set up consists of a Reactor fitted in a constant temperature water bath. Before starting the reaction the reactor is charged with measured quantity of one reactant. From a feed tank another reactant is fed to the reactor. Using a sampling pipette samples can be taken out for analysis after fixed interval. Rotameter is provided to measure the flow of Chemicals. The compressed air is used for circulation of feed. One stirrer is fitted for mixing the reactants in reactor and other is fitted in water bath to keep the uniform temperature throughout in the bath. The temperature of bath can be maintained from ambient to 70C with the help of Digital Temperature indicator Cum Controller. Pressure Regulator, Pressure Gauge and Safety Valve are fitted in the compressed air line.

       

      Learning Objectives/Experiments: 

      • To study a second order specification reaction in a Semi-Batch Reactor.
      • To determine the Reaction Rate Constant.

      Required for Operation: 

      • Compressed Air Supply at 2 Bar, 0.25 CFM.
      • Water supply and drain.
      • Electricity-1.5kw, Single.
      • Instruments, Laboratory wares and Chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.

       

      Technical Specifications:

      • Reactor   : Material Stainless Steel, Capacity 3 Ltrs. (approx).
      • Water Bath   : Material Stainless Steel, Double wall, insulated with Ceramic Wool.
      • Heater   : Nichrome wire Heater
      • Stirrer    : Material Stainless Steel Impeller and shaft coupled with FHP motor
      • Feed Tank (1Nos.): Material Stainless Steel, Capacity - 20 Ltrs.
      • Feed Circulation: By compressed air.
      • Flow Measurement: Rota meter. 
      • Piping   : Material Stainless Steel and PVC.
      • Pressure Regulator  : 0-2 Kg/cm2 
      • Pressure Gauge  : Bourdon type 0-2 Kg/cm2 
      • Stop Watch  : Electronic
      • Temp. Sensor  : RTD PT-100 type
      • The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.

      Control Panel:

      • Digital Temp. Controller: 0-199.9°C,  RTD PT-100 type (For Water Bath)
      • With Standard make on/off switch, Mains Indicator etc.

       

       


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        Technical description:
        • The set-up consists of a glass column. Arrangement is made for changing the glass column conveniently and filling it with any type of packing required. Air from a regulated pressure vessel passes through a sparker and allowed to enter in the column at the top. Liquid is feed from a tank, fitted with a pump and is distributed at the top of a column using a spray nozzle. Set-up is fully accompanied with manometers required. Solenoid valves are provided in the feed line at the top of column for instant release and close. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the valves provided in respective line.
        Learning objectives/experiments:
        •  To determine hydrodynamics of a trickle bed reactor involving the measurement of pressure drop, hold-up & flow regime.
        Required for operation:
        •  Compressed air at 4 bar.
        •  Water supply and drain. Electricity-0.5kw, single.
        Technical specifications:
        •  Packed bed : material borosilicate glass dia. 80mm, height 600mm
        •  Packing’s : glass beads dia. 3mm/rasching rings, size 8-10mm
        •  Flow measurement: rotameter one each for water and air.
        •  Liquid feed tank: material stainless steel capacity 60 ltrs.
        •  Feed circulation: centrifugal pump capacity ¼ hp crompton/sharp make.
        •  Air tank: compatible capacity.
        •  Pressure regulator (2 nos.): 1. Operating range 0-2 kg/cm2 and o-10 kg/cm2
        •  Pressure gauge: bourdon type.
        •  Mixing chamber: material stainless steel of compatible capacity for air & water.
        •  Liquid catch pot: material stainless steel of compatible capacity.
        •  Solenoid valve: 2 nos. (one each at liquid and air inlet).
        •  Manometers: compatible capacity.
        •  Piping: material stainless steel and pvc. ½” line size.
        •  Control valves: material gun metal/brass
        •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
        Control panel:
        •  Standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
        Scope of delivery:
        •  1 self-contained “hydrodynamics of trickle bed reactor” apparatus.
        •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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        Technical description:
        • Axial diffusion and dispersion of fluid in packed beds are important for design and operation of separation equipment and chemicals reactors. The tracer technique, the most widely used method for the study of axial dispersion. In stimulus response experimentation, we perturb the system using pulse input of tracer and then see how the system reacts or responds to this stimulus. The analysis of the response gives the desired information about the system. The setup consists of a glass column packed with rasching rings and one feed tank. Water is fed to the reactor through liquid distributor, fitted at the bottom of the column. Rotameter is provided to measure the flow of water. The flow rate can be adjusted by operating the needle valve provided on rotameter. For understanding the r.T.D. Characteristics, a special arrangement to inject tracer into the lower end of reactor, using a syringe, is provided. Samples can be taken periodically from the top outlet of reactor. Pressure regulator & pressure gauge are fitted in the compressed air line.
        Learning objectives/experiments:
        •  To plot rtd curve for packed bed reactor.
        •  To determine the dispersion no.
        Required for operation:
        •  Compressed air supply at 2 bar, 0.25 cfm.
        •  Water supply.
        •  Drain.
        •  Instruments, laboratory glassware and chemicals required for analysis as per the system adopted.
        Technical specifications:
        •  Reactor column: material borosilicate glass
        •  Packing: rasching rings, material borosilicate glass, size 8-10mm (approx)
        •  Feed tank: material stainless steel, capacity - 20 ltrs.
        •  Feed circulation: by compressed air.
        •  Flow measurement: rotameter.
        •  The whole set-up is ingeniously designed and schematically arranged on a powder-coated rigid structure.
        Control panel:
        •  Standard make on/off switch, mains indicator etc.
        Scope of delivery:
        •  1 self-contained “rtd of packed bed reactor” apparatus.
        •  1 instruction manual consisting of experimental procedures, block diagram etc.

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        Haryana, India
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