To give kg/cm sq.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Plastic Limit Set.
Moisture contents at which soil has smallest plasticity is called limit. For determination purpose plastic limit is defined as the water content at which a soil will just begin to crumble when rolled in to a thread of 3mm dia.
The complete set consists of one each :
1. Glass plate 20cm x 15cm having round ends
2. Brass or stainless steel rod 3mm dia x 150mm long
3. Flexible spatula 15 cm
4. Set of 6 moisture containers
5. Porcelain basin 150mm dia
6. Plastic wash bottle 500ml
Glass Plate size 500 x 500 x 10mm can be supplied at an extra cost.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Cone Penetrometer.
For determining the Liquid Limit of soils. This is specially useful to obtain reliable and accurate results for those soils which have low plasticity index. The percentage moisture contents determined when cone with half angle of 15-30 minutes under a total sliding weight of 148gm penetrates 25 mm gives the Liquid Limit.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of High Speed Stirrer.
This is for mechanical analysis and also other Laboratory applications for stirring. Speed approximately 4000rpm under load, A dispersion cup is supported on a rest on the stand of the stirrer and has a removable baffle. For operation on 230-250 volts A.C. supplied without dispersion cup of baffle.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Liquid Limit Device.
Casagrande method in mechanical form is known as Liquid Limit Method and has been is use for soil mechanics for a number of years. The Liquid Limit data of soils is useful to correlate mechanical properties of soil, such as compressibility and lower shear strength. Liquid limit is the water content at which soil passes from zero strength to and infinitesimal strength, hence the true value of liquid limit cannot be determined. For determination purpose liquid limit is that water content at which a part of soil, cut by grove of standard dimensions, will flow together for a distance of 1.25cm under an impact of 25 blows in a standard liquid limit apparatus.The soil at the water content has some strength which is about 0.17 N/cm/sq.cm.(17gms/sq.cm.) At this water content soil just passes form liquid stage to plastic state
Specifications: It consists of a brass cup held on an adjustable bracket. The cup can be adjusted for a fall of 1cm and cam be raised and dropped on a rubber base of standard hardness by cam action. Complete with one casagrande grooving tool.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Liquid Limit Device With Counter.
Same as above but fitted with a counter to register the number of blows.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Liquid Limit Device Motorized.
Same as above but fitted with a motor geared down to give approximately 120 r.p.m suitable for operation on 230Volts, single phase, 50 cycles, A.C. supply.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Grain Size Analysis (Pipette Method).
This is for the determination of their sub sieves particle distribution in a soil sample by mechanical analysis. An analysis of this kind expresses quantitatively the proportions by weight of the various size of particles present in the soil. It is recommended as a standard procedure to use dispersion agent to avoid flocculation.
Specifications: The apparatus consists of a sliding panel which moves up and down by means of a screw allowing Anderson pipette fixed to it tube raised or lowered vertically. A sedimentation tube is held by a Laboratory clamp provided on the stand below the pipette. The depth of immersion is measured by a scale graduated in mm at the side of the sliding panel. Supplied complete with Anderson pipette 10ml. at eh side capacity made from glass, and a sedimentation tube also of glass of 500ml capacity and 50 Nos Test forms. Accessories & Spares: 1) Sedimentation pipette (Anderson pipette) 25ml., 2) Sedimentation tube 1000ml., 3) Sedimentation pipette 10ml., 4) Sedimentation tube 500 ml., 5) Test forms pad of 50.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Plummet Balance.
Conventionally particle size distribution analysis is carried out using pipette and hydrometer methods. Whereas in hydrometer method it is possible to determine particle sized in the range 75 microns, the method involves computation and it is time consuming. The pipette method can be used for determining only the percentage of specific sizes less than 0.02, 0.006 and 0.002 mm as a percentage of total soil sample. The plummet balance method to determine sub sieve particle size for the entire range is very rapid and only manipulation of height of the balance, so that plummet sinks to the right depth is required. The percentage of soil suspension is directly indicated by a pointer over a graduated scale.
Specifications: A vertical rod is mounted on sturdy base having leveling screws. A pointer with steel pivots turns is jewel bearing and moves over a graduated scale. Scale graduations are marked 0-100% x 2%. To the other end of the pointer a plummet is hanged. Rack and pinion arrangement is provided on the vertical rod for adjusting the height. Supplied with a chart showing relationship is provided on the vertical rod for adjusting the height. Supplied with a chart showing relationship between “K” and temperature of suspension of soils of varying specific gravity from 2.4 to 2.8 to help in solving stroke's equation. Supplied complete with one Perspex plummet one measuring jar and one rider weight for zero adjustment and one rider weight for adjusting the pointer to 100%.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Marsh Cone.
This cone is used to find out Viscosity of Bentinite slurry and like material. The Marsh Cone ix 6 inch in diameter at the top and 12 inch long, and tapers to join a tube 2 inch ling and 3/16 inch inside dia. The capacity of the funnel is 1500cc. Time in seconds required to flow out 1000 cc of slurry from cone is measured as funnel viscosity of the material.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Soil Hydrometer
Used for grain size analysis of soils where more than 10% of the material will pass through 75 microns I.S. sieve. Manufactured from clear transparent glass having uniform clarity throughout the upper end on which density scale is engraved. The scale range is 0.0995 to 1.030 density (gms/cc) at 270C. Smallest division on the scale is 0.0005.
Note: Hydrometer for other liquids also a avaiLable
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Mud Balance.
Designed to find out specific gravities of Semi Liquids like mud and other liquids having densities in the range 0.8 to 25. It has a Stainless Steel bam calibrated specific gravities from 0.8 to 2.5. A stainless steel cup with lid and overflow vent is fitted on one side of the beam. A counter weight with cursor slides over the graduated scale. The beam has a knife edge at centre which rests in fulcrum fitted in the stand. Leveling screws and spirit level are fitted dot the stand.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Sand Pouring Cylinder.
This apparatus is used for the in place determination, of the dry density of compact, fine and medium grained soils and for layers not exceeding 50cm thickness.
Specifications: The complete apparatus consists one each of: Small Sand Pouring cylinder, 3 liter capacity, fitted with conical funnel and shutter. Cylinder calibrating container, internal dia. 10 cm and internal depth 15cm, fitted with a flange, Metal tray, 31cm. square and 4 cm deep with a 10cm dia. hole in the centre.
Accessories: Metal tray, 30cm square and 4cm deep without hole. Test forms pad of 50. Note: Sand poring cylinder large as per IS 2720 (P-XXVII) also available.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Harvard Miniature Compactor.
This is for determining the moisture density relation of soils. In this apparatus, small quantity sample is compacted under kneading action of the spring loaded tamper set either at 10kg or 20kg. As the sample required is very small, a number of tests can be carried out, each time taking a fresh sample. The time required for compaction is very much less. The mould can be inter changeably used with Miniature Field permeameter where permeability tests can be conducted at high pressures.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Miniature Compaction Apparatus ABBOT Type.
This is used for rapid determination of moisture content dry density relation using a constant weight of dry soil passing through 75 micrometer IS sieve.
Specification: It consists of a metal cylindrical tube having 50mm I.D and 435 mm height, a detachable base plate and a cap are provided for this tube. 8. nos. 1.5 mm dia. holes equally spaced are drilled at a height of 100mm from the base of the tube. A metal rammer 48mm dia. x 48.5 mm in height is attached to a metallic rod with knob, so as to have a combined height of about 550 mm and a total weight of 2.6kg. This rammer is adjusted for a free fall of 310mm. The graduations in millimeters and centimeters are marked on this rod, to coin side with zero (0) of the scale with the cap of the tube. Graduation are marked downward 0 to 8 cm with millimeter divisions. Plate has internal diameter of 50mm dia. OD of 140 mm and height of 25mm is supplied with flange and wing nuts for easily introducing soil sample and removing it.
Information of Shear values plays an important role the design of sub-structures in determining bearing capacity of soils, design of retaining walls, instability calculation earth slopes etc. Various Shear Apparatus are avaiLable and Direct Shear Apparatus is one of them. In Direct Shear test specimen contained in a box is subjected to a constant normal load and increasing horizontal load is applied to the upper section of the specimen. Shear force and load are directly measured.
Direct Shear Apparatus Hand Operated
For determination of the direct shear strength of soils on specimen size 60 mm x 60 mm x 25 mm.
Specification: The apparatus comprises of the following:
Loading Unit: Supplied with load yoke with direct and lever system for applying load. Normal stress capacity 8kg/sq.cm. Load is applied either directly of through a counter balanced detachable lever. Provision is made for load to be applied either through a steel ball recessed in the loading pad or direct through a boss on the pre calibrated loading yoke. The loading unit is provided with V strips and roller strips for frictionless movement of shear box housing.
Shear Box Assembly: Comprising Direct Shear box in two halves for a square specimen size 60 x 60 x 25 mm one pair of plain gripper plates, one pair or perforated gripper plates, one pair or porous stones, one top loading pad. Shear box housing: Accommodates the Direct Shear Box assembly. Complete with two ball roller strips. Specimen Cutter: For cutting 60 x 60 x 25 mm specimen from larger samples. Set of weights to give a normal stress of 3 kg/sq.cm. through lever as follows:
To give kg/cm sq.
Complete set as above but without proving ring. Nett weight 140Kg.
Essential Accessories: High sensitivity compression ring cap 200 kg one consolidation dial gauge 0.01 mm x 25 mm and one strain dial gauge 0.01 mm x 25 mm and one strain dial gauge 0.01 mm x 25 mm.
Optional extras: Additional set of weights to give a normal stress of 5 kg/cm2 Soil Sampler for 60 mm x 60mm specimen and test from pad of 50. Spares: Porous stone for 60 mm x 60 mm size sample avaiLable in pairs.
Direct Shear (Motorized Single Speed)
Same as above but electrically operated to give a single constant rate of stain of 1.25mm/min. Suitable for 230V
A.C. Weight 175kg. approx.
Direct Shear (Motorized Six Speed)
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Heavy Compaction Test.
Instrument consists one each of: Compaction Mould, Gun metal, 150mm I.D x 127.3mm height volume 2250cc. complete with collar and base plate. Rammer 4.89kg x 450mm controlled fall for heavy compaction test according to IS 2720 (Part-VIII)
Note: Instead of Gun-metal moulds, Steel moulds are also available.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Sampling Outfit Heavy Duty.
Undisturbed samples of soil at different depths can be collected using these sampling tubes. The kit includes all necessary implements for boring, collection and sealing with wax. The operation may be carried out either using a tripod stand or without it. The Equipments is supplied in a canvas carrying bag.
Specifications: 150mm Auger blade type, complete with handle, 'T' piece and 1 mtr. Long rod-1 No Extension rod 1 mtr. Long and 37.5 mm diameter 5Nos. Jarring link (Large) for driving samplers 50mm, 100 mm or 150mm dia. This can be connected to the sampler or to the extension rod. One eye hook, one wax container, one Methylated spirit stove, One wax handle and one pair of spanners complete in carrying case.
Samplers for undistured sampling are available in different sizes. These are used with sampling outfit. Each sampler is 45cm long and is supplied complete with two end caps, cutting nose, driving head with air outlet valve and 3Nos. C-spanners. Samplers are available in 50 mm dia., 100 mm dia. & 150 mm dia. Thin walled samplers are also available in diameters 50mm, 75 mm and 100 mm. Each sampler is 60 cm long and cutting edge is hardened. These samplers can be used with sampling outfit 'A' drill rods by using suitable adaptor
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Extractor Frame Hydraulic.
This extractor Frame is used for taking out soil samples compacted or undisturbed, from 100 mm dia. and 150mm dia. Cylinders such as core cutters, Proctor moulds, C.B.R moulds ect.
Specifications: It consists of a 5 Ton capacity hand operated, hydraulic jack mounted on a suitable frame. Two plungers, one for 100mm dia. and the other of 150mm dia. moulds are supplied. One thrust plate for 150mm dia. and and one for 100 mm dia. specimens are also supplied. Height of thrust plate is adjustable.
Accessories; Set of Plungers adaptors and thrust plates for 38 mm, 50 mm and 75mm dia. specimen.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Proctor Needles Hydraulic Type.
This is identical to Springs Type, except that the penetration pressure on the needle is conveyed through a hydraulic system to a hydraulic pressure gauge. This system permits a greater control over rate of penetration because of better visibility of load indication.
Specifications: Comprises hydraulic proctor needle system complete with a pressure gauge fixed at easily readable angle reading 0-70kg. x 2kg. A set of needle points consisting one each 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.5 and 6.0 sq. cm. and a tommy pin. Graduation at every 12.5 mm to indicate depth of penetration are marked on longer stem for use with needles of larger areas. Smaller stem is also graduated at every 12.5 mm and is used with needles of smaller areas. Complete as above in a wooden carrying case.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Miniature Field Permeameter.
For determining the permeability characteristics of soils, solidified soils rock cores, high pressure permeability studies can be carried out. The complete outfit comprises:- Mould 50mm diameter x 100mm high and collar, top plate, Base Plate with recess for porous stone and porous stone indicator pipette, 6mm x 300mm x 300mm long. Reservoir tank fitted with 7kg/cm gauge, valves, flow control regulator and foot pump.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of North Dakota Cone.
This test is simpler and more rapid than the CBR test and can be easily applied for insitu field test. This was developed by North Dakota Highway Deptt. For use with pavement design method similar to that associated with CBR test.
The instrument consists of a rod carrying a loading platform at the top and a hardened steel cone at the bottom. The rod is mounted vertically and slides freely up and down in the collars of the frame and can be locked in any position as required. The conical tip penetrates the soil through an aperture in the cast iron base. The loading platform. Carries a graduated plunger which enters one of the side supports and permits the reading of the penetration correct to 1 mm, Supplied with set of weights consists 7 nos. 5 kg weight and one hardened steel cone.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Pocket Penetrometer.
This instrument is used to estimate approximate unconfined compressive strength and the estimation of shear strength of soil. Cohesive soils can also be classified in terms of consistency using this penetrometer. This is a handy and convenient instrument. Specifications: It consists of a light weight barrel assembly with a polished and ground steel loading piston plunger. A direct reading scale is engraved on the piston barrel and indicates load in kg./sq/cm/ A maximum load indicator ring is provided on the penetration plunger. The calibrated spring is heat treated and plated for rust resistance. The barrel diameter is 20mm and the length 150mm. Supplied in storage box.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Sampling Augers Posthole Type.
(a)75 mm, (b) 100mm & (c) 150 mm dia.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Pycnometer.
Useful to determine specific gravity of clays, sand and gravel of size smaller than 10mm.
Specifications: Comprises a 1 kg glass jar with brass cone, locking ring and rubber seal.
Spare: rubber seal.Pycnometers Bottles
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Rapid Moisture Meter.
For quick determination of moisture content of materials in powder form viz. soil, and, coal, pottery slip, cement etc. Calcium Carbide when comes in contact with moisture acetylene gas is generate This principle is used in Rapid Moisture Meter. A weighed quantity of sample is mixed with fixed quantity of Calcium Carbide reagent and the whole mixture is thoroughly shaken in a vessel to which a pressure gauge is fixed. The acetylene gas produced develops pressure and pressure gauge in calibrated to read percentage moisture. The instrument indicates moisture on wet/weight BLS easily convertible to dry weight basis.
Rapid Moisture Meter 0.25%
The unit consists of a pressure vessel with clamp for sealing cap, rubber sealing gasket, pressure gauge is calibrated in percentage moisture content 0-25% x 1% on the wet weight basic a counter poised balancefor weighing sample, a scoop for measuring carbide reagent, a bottle of reagent, one cleaning brush and a set of 4 steel balls for thorough mixing. Complete in highly polished wooden carrying case with handle.
Rapid Moisture Meter 0.50%
Same as above but pressure gauge calibrated 0-50% x 1%. Spares: Carbide reagent, in bottles of 400gms each.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Relative Density.
This equipment is used for the determination of the relative density of cohesionless free draining soils and meets the essential requirements of IS 2720 (Part-XIV).
Specifications: The equipment consists one each of: Vibratory table with a cushioned steel vibrating deck about 75 cm x 75 cm. It has a frequency of approximately 3600 vibrations per minute under a 115 kg load. Amplitude is variable in between 0.65mm in steps of 0.05 to 0.25mm, 0.25 to 0.5mm and 0.45 to 0.65mm. Suitable for operation on 415 volts, three phase supply. Cylindrical metal unit with mould, 3000 ml capacity. Guide Sleeve with clamp assembly. Surcharge base plate for mould. Handle for surcharge base plage. Surcharge weight. The total weight together with surcharge base plate and handle is equivalent to 140kg./sq.cm. for mould. Cylindrical metal unit weight mould 15000ml capacity. Surcharge base plate for guide sleeve. Surcharge weight for cylindrical mould of 15000 ml. cap. (Total weight together with the above mould 8 surcharge weight is equivalent to 140 kg./sq.cm.) Dial gauge holder & calibration bar 75 c 300mm x 3mm.
Accessories: Dial gauge 0.01mm x 50mm travel. Extension piece 25mm for dial gauge.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Sampling Outfit Heavy Duty.
For preparing 38mm dia. Soil Specimen
Specifications: The outfit comprises: Sample Extractor, Screw type with a wire sample Timmer. Split Mould, 38mm dia. x 76mm long. Split mould, 38mm dia. x 88 mm long (in two parts) can be fitted to the screw type extractor enabling solt specimens to be prepared ready for unconfined compression test. They are fitted with quick release system. Sampling Tube 38mm dia. x 150 mm long. Sampling Tube 38 mm dia. x 200 mm long. Jarring link for driving the Sampling Tube. Adaptor with locking screw for fitting the sampling tube to jarring link.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Sampling Tubes.
For collecting undisturbed samples of 38mm dia. for Triaxial Shear strength and Unconfined compressive strength either straight from the field or from a sample of larger diameter. The wall thickness is maintained approximately 1.6 mm with an area ration approximately 17 percent. Both relieved and unrelieved sampling tubes are avaiLable. In the relieved type of tube, the internal diameter is relieved by about 0.5 mm (inside clearance 2%) beyond approx. 19mm length from the cutting edge of the tube. This is most suitable for highly cohesive soils. In the unrelieved type, the internal diameter is uniform through out. This type is most suitable fro soils of low cohesion. These 38mm dia. These 38 mm dia. Tubes are avaiLable in different lengths. Unrelieved: (a) 150 mm (b) 200 (c) 225mm (d) 30mm long. Relieved: (a) 150 mm (b) 200 (c) 225mm (d) 30mm long.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Soil Testing Kit.
A very useful kit to determined on the spot soil pH value. This is a compact kit easy to carry on site.
Consists of: 12 thick walled test tubes with rubber bungs. 1 tube cleaning brush, 1 bottle of barium sulphate (100gm)
1 bottle of soil indicator (100gm) 1 bottle of distilled water (500gm) 1 Spatula, 1 color chart, range 4.0 to 8.0 pH in 0.5 pH steps. Complete with carrying case.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Proctor Needles Spring Type.
The instrument consists of a needle attached to a spring loaded plunger, the stem of which is calibrated to read to 40 kg division. Long Stem is graduated at every 12.5 mm to read depth of penetration and for use with needles of larger areas. The small penetration stem is also graduated in 12.5 mm division and is used with needles of smaller areas. Needle points one each of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, .3.5 and 6.0 sq. cm. and one tommy pin is supplied. Complete as above in a wooden carrying case.Proctor NeedlesProctor needles are used for quick evaluation of maximum soil density in the field. Standard Compaction curves showing moisture contents versus densities are drawn in Laboratory using standard compaction method and penetration of the proctor needles are correlated. Proctor Needles are also known as Proctor Penetrometers.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Standard Compaction Test.
The apparatus consists one each of Compaction Mould Gun Metal, 100mm I.D. x 127.3mm height x 1000 c. volume, complete with collar and base plate. Rammer 2.6kg x 310 mm controlled fall.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Universal Automatic Compactor.
Now-a-days almost every soil Laboratory conducts compaction and penetration tests on soils. In both standard and heavy compaction test the operator has to count the number of blows of the rammer on each layer of soil during compaction. A mechanically cum electrically operated automatic compactor is therefore devised to eliminate tedious hand compaction process. Which also considerably saves time with the rammers provided two stroke lengths. AvaiLable the compactor can be used for normal compaction/heavy compaction as well as C.B.R. compaction.
Specifications: It is a motor driven mechanical compactor useful for soil compaction into 100mm or 150mm diameter moulds. Two sets of rammers are provided, one of 2.6 and arranged for 310mm. drop and other 4.9kg and arranged for 450mm fall. For compaction soil into 150mm dia. moulds, 100mm face dia. rammers having weight .6kg and 4.89 kg are used. Where as for 100 mm dia. moulds they are of 50mm dia. The rammer assembly is provided with a ratchet and pawl arrangement to lift it from the top of the soil layer. When the rammer reaches the required height the pawl release the rammer which falls freely in soil surface. The release mechanism is operated by an arm moving up and down which is connected to a reduction gear coupled to the motor through another arm. An automatic blow counter fitted to the compactor is used to set the number of blows. The base plate of the specimen mould is to fitted to the rotating base plate of the th instrument which make 1/5 revolution per stroke. The equipment is suitable for operation on 230Volts, 50 cycles,single phase, A.C. supply. Mould are to be ordered separately.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Extractor Frame Universal Hand Operated.
Designed to extract specimens from almost every type of sampling tube and mould used in solid engineering Laboratory or in the field. It can be mounted vertically or horizontally as desired. It has an unique feature that three 38mm dia. sample.
Comprises of a frame designed for screw jack operation, one each of the adaptor for 38mm, 75mm, 100mm, 150mm diameter specimens and a stand to botain simultaneously three 38mm diameter samples from on 100 mm diameter sample. The adaptor plate which slides along the slotted supports can be claimed at any desired position by means of locking nuts. Besides this, the tube or mould can be held in position by raising the tube guides and held in position with locking screw collar. Plunger adaptor for 200 mm dia. samples. Adaptor plate with 200mm. dia. hole and device to extract number 38mm dia. samples.
Advanced Technocracy Inc. is Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of Vicksberg Penetrometer.
(With Optical Viewer) Also called proving Ring Penetrometer. This is fork determining the bearing capacity of sub grades or for compaction control. It also used for rapidly determining the penetration resistance of soils in shallow exploration work.
Specifications: Consists of a study handle under which is fixed a sensitive Proving ring. An extension piece is fixed to the bottom of the Provingring and carried a detachable penetration cone at its tip. Proving ring capacity 100 kg (1 KN) and 0.0002 mm dial gauge provided indicates the penetration load applied. An optical viewer is provided to facilitate reading the dial gauge by te operator. Simplified for single person operation. A calibration chart is provided for the proving ring. Instrument is complete in a wooden carrying case.